Proactive feedback

The advanced quality planning process provides feedback from other similar projects with the objective of developing counter-measures on the current project. This objective is also satisfied by other mechanisms with analysis of customer feedback.

Analyze & mitigate failure modes

This is done using techniques such as failure modes and effects analysis or anticipatory failure determination. APQP is broader in scope and scalable to the risk each supplier, design, process, or impact poses on program success.

Verification & validation

In APQP, design verification is tested to assure that the design outputs meet design input requirements. Validation is the process of ensuring that the product conforms to defined user needs.

Advanced Product Quality Planning

Advanced Product Quality Planning is a structured method of defining and establishing the steps necessary to ensure that a product satisfies the customer. APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning) involves 75% up front planning and 25% implementation through production, to determine customer satisfaction and continuous improvement.

Although APQP is generally associated with the automotive industry, the quality planning processes in APQP can be applicable within all industries. The Quality-One APQP approach is considered to be Best-in-Class, because it is easily communicated to design teams and suppliers.

APQP serves as a guide in the development process and also a standard way to share results between suppliers and automotive companies. APQP specify three phases: Development, Industrialization and Product Launch. Through these phases 23 main topics will be monitored. These 23 topics will be all completed before the production is started. They cover aspects as: design robustness, design testing and specification compliance, production process design, quality inspection standards, process capability, production capacity, product packaging, product testing and operators training plan between other items.

APQP focuses on:

  • Up-front quality planning
  • Determining if customers are satisfied by evaluating the output and supporting continual improvement

APQP consists of five phases:

  • Plan and Define Program
  • Product Design and Development Verification
  • Process Design and Development Verification
  • Product and Process Validation
  • Launch, Feedback, Assessment & Corrective Action

There are five major activities:

  • Planning
  • Product Design and Development
  • Process Design and Development
  • Product and Process Validation
  • Production

The APQP process has seven major elements:

  • Understanding the needs of the customer
  • Proactive feedback and corrective action
  • Designing within the process capabilities
  • Analyzing and mitigating failure modes
  • Verification and validation
  • Design reviews
  • Control special/critical characteristics

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